Lily's Column

Integrated Circuit Manufacturing Process

Integrated Circuit Manufacturing Process

Wafer manufacturing and chip manufacturing are two steps to make integrated circuits. Wafer manufacturing includes two major steps, ingot manufactu...

PCB Reverse Engineering

PCB Reverse Engineering

PCB reverse engineering entails getting the internal structure and all layers connections by either non-destructive process or destructive process ...

Manual PCB Reverse Engineering Process

Manual PCB Reverse Engineering Process

At times, advanced techniques of reverse engineering PCB are time-consuming and expensive. In practice, most PCB reverse engineers undertake manual...

How to reverse engineer a PCB

How to reverse engineer a PCB

Reverse engineering a print circuit board is a long process, but it’s worth to explore, so reverse engineering a PCB should follow the following ma...

Metal Core PCB

Metal Core PCB

What is a metal core PCB? A metal core printed circuit board (MCPCB) also known as thermal PCB, incorporates a metal material as its base as o...

PCB Impedance Design

PCB Impedance Design

It is suitable for most PCB suppliers’ process standards and PCB board design with impedance control requirements. 1). 2 Layers Impedance Design 10...

How to make PCB with blind hole

How to make PCB with blind hole

The use of blind holes and buried holes is an effective method to increase the density of multilayer boards, reduce the number of layers and board ...

Common Gerber files Problems and how to fix them?

Common Gerber files Problems and how to fix them?

The most common problems seen in Gerber files include design mismatch, insufficient clearances, obsolete file formats, unregistered layers, and inc...

Staggered Microvias and Stacked Microvias PCB

Staggered Microvias and Stacked Microvias PCB

What are staggered vias? Staggered vias connect different layers of the board but do not come in direct contact with each other (separate drill axi...

Common PCB Test Methods that Apply in the Industry

Common PCB Test Methods that Apply in the Industry

When submitting a PCB design, proper discussions with an electronic contract manufacturer should entail your preferred PCB testing methods. It shou...

Production Flow of Flex-Rigid PCB

Production Flow of Flex-Rigid PCB

What is a Flex-rigid PCB? The birth and development of FPC and PCB gave birth to the new product of flexible and rigid printed circuit board. So...

Equipments which required on PCB production process

Equipments which required on PCB production process

1.Engineering production—photoplotter, film exposure machine 2. Cutting material — cutting machine, baking oven 3. Laminating – browning production...