What is the Gold Finger?
Gold finger is the connector at the edge of boards. It is similar to fingers, so we called gold finger, please see the following pictures. It is used to protect the printed circuit board prototypes from wear and tear.
The surface treatment of the gold finger PCB
Electroplated nickel gold: Thickness up to 3-50u", due to its superior conductivity, oxidation resistance and wear resistance, it is widely used in gold finger PCB that require frequent plugging or PCB board that require frequent mechanical friction. While the cost of gold plating is extremely high, it is only applied to local gold plating such as gold fingers.
Immersion Gold: The thickness of conventional is 1u", up to 3u". It is widely used in high-precision PCB board with button position, bonded IC, BGA, etc. due to its superior conductivity, flatness and solderability. The gold finger PCB with low wear resistance requirements can also choose the entire board immersion gold process. The cost of the immersion gold process is much lower than that of the electric gold process. The color of the immersion gold process is golden yellow.
Design considerations for gold finger
When you see a shape and package similar to the one shown below in the PCB design, the first reaction is that the board has gold finger. A simpler method for judging the golden finger: the TOP and BOTTOM sides of the device both have PIN devices and there will be a u-shape groove as shown below.
When there are gold fingers on the board, it is necessary to handle well the details of the gold finger.
Detail processing of Gold Finger in PCB:
1) For PCB boards that need to be inserted and removed frequently, gold fingers usually need to be plated with hard gold in order to increase the wear resistance of gold fingers.
2) The gold finger needs to be chamfered, usually 45°, and other angles such as 20°, 30°, etc. If there is no chamfer in the design, there is a problem. As shown below, the arrow shows a 45° chamfer:
3) The gold finger needs to do a whole piece of solder mask window treatment, and the PIN does not need to open the steel mesh;
4) Immersion tin and immersion silver pad need a minimum distance of 14 mil from the tip of the finger. It is recommended that the pad be 1 mm or more away from the finger position, including the via pad;
5) Do not lay copper on the surface of the gold finger.
The picture below shows the design of gold finger for reference:
6) All layers of the inner layer of the gold finger need to do copper cutting. Usually, the width of the copper is 3mm. And can do the half finger copper and the whole finger cut. In the PCIE design, there is an indication that the copper of the gold finger need to be cut off all.
The impedance of the gold finger is lower, and the copper cutting(under the finger) can reduce the impedance difference between the gold finger and the impedance line, and it is also good for ESD;
Recommendation: Full copper cutting under the gold finger pad.
Processing-production Considerations of PCB Gold Finger
1. The plate with a thickness of 1.2-2.4m can be treated obliquely. Not in this plate thickness range cannot be processed obliquely.
2. The depth and angle of the hypotenuse, generally default between 20-45 degrees. Gold finger should be left at the edge of the board with sufficient bevel spacing. According to the thickness or design requirements of different gold finger PCBs, we suggest that the distance between the gold finger and the edge of the board is 0.6-1.5mm to avoid hurting the gold finger.
The following are several common oblique angle and depth diagrams for your reference: